Indicators point out that the Yemenis will go next Tuesday to ballot boxes in large numbers, for electing Abdu Rabo Mansur Hadi as president to Yemen, so as to accomplish their revolution, by changing the head of the state and ending President Ali Abdullah Saleh's era.
Besides this goal they will establish a new era of the second republic in the unified Yemen, that will start with the first president from the southern governorates that rules a unified Yemen, as well as the drafting of a new constitution which puts an end to the prospects of the re-establishment of autocracy. It will also witness the first comprehensive national reconciliation, that leaves behind previous conflicts, whether they took place in northern or southern Yemen before unity or in the unified Yemen since May 22, 1990.
The consensus president Hadi, who will be an elected president with full presidential authorities less than a week from now, knows that he is shouldering the burden of pulling Yemen out its current crisis, as well as achieving the goals of the revolutionary youth. He will be the first man in Yemen and the reference to any difference between the members of the National Reconciliation Government "RG", that signed the GCC initiative and its operational mechanisms.
That is why his mission will be very difficult, because Yemen had reached the brink two years ago according to studies of "Karingi for Peace Institute" and all other international organizations interested in Yemen, which are all true.
This country was on the brink of disintegration, civil war as well as entering into financial collapse. It was also facing intensification of political disputes between the opposition and ruling party, exhaustion of resources and the unprecedented increase in financial and administrative corruption in the modern history of Yemen. All this was happening while the outgoing President was busy with preparing the country to be ruled by one of his sons.
He hadn't sought radical solutions for the conflicts with the Houthis in Saada nor any steps for resolving the southern question, where he kept on refusing all the solutions submitted to him since 2007. He even didn't adopt measures for dealing with the serious economic defects, make any political convergence with the opposition forces so as to build genuine partnership for the country's salvation, till he was surprised with the popular youth revolution which no one has expected to survive before him and yet it ended up in the overthrow of his regime, forever.
While he leave power safe and sound, he will leave to his successor complicated heritage, in the foremost of them and the most serious, the southern question which contains in essence multi- dimensional problems of social, political and economic perspectives.
President Saleh did no make any real efforts in addressing it in its depths , though he was the one who has the honor of real contribution in establishing the Yemeni unity. He recently has - unintentionally of course - sought to destroy this achievement in reality.
It seems that what was happening unintentionally before the popular peaceful revolution, began to be done deliberately by some of his supporters, in an attempt to confirm his vision which he announced last May, asserting that if his regime is gone al-Qaeda will take over a number of governorates and Yemen will disintegrate into a several parts.
The Yemenis with their new president in the foremost and the RG, will find themselves before the challenge of defeating this plan whose scenario began to be clear by the lapse of time. Recently more than one of the southern leaders announced that they prefer separation if President Saleh left power. This poor logic is met with ridicule from the southerners themselves before the other Yemeni people.
Last Saturday separatist elements supported by leaderships from the ruling party in Aden, had burnt the tents of the protesting revolutionaries who support unity, change and the presidential elections. These elements are also making extraordinary efforts to disrupt the presidential elections in Aden and the other southern governorates, so as to emphasize two ideas at a time. The first one is that unity will end with Saleh's departure and the second one is that they refuse Hadi the southerner as a president for a unified Yemen. His election will encourage unity, and they don't like that, as they are supporters of separation of the south, and the return of Yemen into two states, as they used to be before May 1990.
The rational national forces in northern and southern Yemen know that Yemen's unity has no other option than continuation, whatever the method it will sustain, because it means the stability of Yemen in the first place and the region as well, which is the most important area to the west world.
This explains the international position for supporting the Yemeni unity in 1990, also their support to its continuation in 1993 and 1994, and finally the international resolution 2014, issued by the Security Council. It adopted and supported the GCC initiative, ensuring their support to the revolutionary youth, achievement of change, making constitutional reforms, resolving the southern and Saada problems as well as the continuation of the war against terror within a unified Yemeni state.
In the event of understanding the deep perspectives of this regional and international vision, we will be able to know the meaning of the choice of Hadi, who belongs to the southern governorates as president for the unified Yemen and the positive impacts of this choice on the southern issue, which represents the essence of the national problem, because finding a fair solutions to it will defuse the most serious ticking bomb that is implanted by the outgoing regime due to its poor administration and lack of strategic vision.
By the establishment of the crucial compatible solution to the southern case, within the presidency of Hadi and the RG headed by the veteran politician Mohammed Salem Ba Sendewah, who also belongs to Aden the Yemenis would maintain their political strength and the social fabric. They would set basis for establishing strong sustainable resources, such as the strategic location of Aden port, the rich diversified Yemeni culture, the unique climate, tourism and the fishery which are non exhaustible resources.
I met separately three of the southern leaders in Cairo last week. They are the two ex-presidents Ali Nasser Mohammed, Haider al-Atas and the head of Yemeni Association Abdurrahman al-Jafri. I listened from each of the three to mature visions that reassured me on the future of Yemen and I knew that the southern and unity problem lies in the outgoing regime.
, because the large size of the unified Yemen is bigger that their small family regime. Instead of seeking to grow larger, they did the opposite, harming Yemen, themselves, unity and the southern issue, which will find a historical opportunity for dealing with it under the leadership of Hadi. The supporters of disengagement and those of illogical visions should go beyond their selfishness and nihilism and put an end to their association with Saleh's regime instead of breaking their association with the great unified Yemen.