Our Arab nation seems to be in a dream, when it celebrated weeks ago the first anniversary of the Tunisian revolution, and three days ago the Egyptians celebrated the first anniversary of their revolution. The Yemenis have celebrated their popular revolution on last January 15, whereas the Libyans are preparing within a few days to mark their revolution which overthrew one of the most insolent tyranny in the world.
Up to the beginning of 2011, those who were most optimistic in their belief in the abilities of our nation to free from corruption and dictatorship, didn't dream of achieving this end within the same year, however these security dominated systems began collapsing at varied costs and ends.
The Egyptian revolution, however has its uniqueness , perhaps for its occurrence in a country that has top significance in representing the dignity and influence of the state through a long period extending to thousands of years, according historians.
The Egyptians marked on January 25, the first outbreak of their revolution against the former President Hosni Mubarak, while the Arab world was still astonished of the sudden and strange ending of the twenty three years of rule of Bin Ali who had been known for his iron detective grip.
When the Egyptian youth took to streets on January 25, 2011, they were yearning for accomplishing the same achievements of their brothers in Tunisia, though they know that their task was more difficult and complicated. The most optimistic observers however doubted whether the Egyptians would make it, however the iron will of the Egyptian youth, became an inspiring condition to the people of Egypt and the Arab nation at large. The Arab nation's eyes were glued to the TV, around the clock, following in surprise the collapse of the first enormous deep rooted detective institution that is famous for its dominance. They saw the Egyptian youth resisting it so as to obtain their usurped freedom and to end the state of fear that has humiliated the Egyptian people and crushed their dignity.
Eighteen days of steadfastness and insistence on overthrowing President Mubarak's regime, had made the Egyptian army to stand on the people's side in a political deal that is similar to what had happened in Tunisia when their army settled the matter by asking president Bin Ali to leave the country, where he fled to Saudi Arabia which provided him with a shelter and he disappeared from sight ever since.
In Egypt the deal is repeated between the army and the president who agreed to step down and stay in Egypt in return for a commitment of guaranteeing his non prosecution.
The President who had been popularly overthrown, and formally retiring stayed in Sharma sheikh resort, ending thirty years of absolute power in the biggest Arab country, while he was officially preparing for the heredity of rule to his son who was actually running the country during the last seven years where his aging father's body was plagues with diseases
The Egyptian people have entered into an absolutely new age where they enjoyed freedom for the first time without fear. The Egyptian youth succeeded in safeguarding the livelihood of their revolution for a full year, toppling the government of Ahmed Shafiq, and forced the Ruling Military Council to give up their pledge to Mubarak not to stand trial.
The Egyptians and the whole world have seen for the first time an Arab ruler being publicly tried. The momentum of the Egyptian youth continued and they pressed Esam sharaf's government and forced it to resign, though he was considered as a pro- revolutionary. They also forced the military council to accelerate holding the parliamentary elections and to transfer some of its constitutional authorities to the prime minister. Had it not been to this strong willpower, the military council would have decided on the extension of power more than the prearranged period.
Despite the Egyptian's youth pressure for transferring power to a civilian ruler, the military council still insists that this cannot happen before next June, after holding the Presidential elections.
The only explanation to this procrastination is to give enough time for ending the trial of the former Egyptian President before power transfer to civilians . If this is true, it requires searching for a quick acceptable way out from this trial either by commutation of the penalty, issuing an amnesty or any other thing that makes the army keep his promise to the man for not being touched, because he is one of the army leaders and one of the symbols of October war.
Two days before celebrating the first anniversary of the popular uprising, the freely elected People's Council(the Parliament),for the first time in decades, has been sworn in and had elected the Muslim Brotherhood's General Secretary of the Justice and Freedom Party, Mohammed Saad al-Katatni, as the first spokesman of the legislative Authority of the most important Arab country.
The parliamentary elections has resulted in the winning of ten (Islamic, nationalistic and secular ) parties to the elections, led by the Justice and Freedom (Muslim Brother hood) party which won over 40 percent of the seats in the new parliament. The surprise was the winning of the Salafis to 25 percent of the seats.
Egypt had found itself for the first time in the grip of the Islamists who now have the right to form the government as it was the case of their counterparts in Tunisia and Morocco. The difference is that the influence of Egypt will impact the whole region, while in Tunisia and Morocco it will be confined only to the two countries.
Several questions will arise as to whether the presidential election will bring a President from the Islamic movement? It also poses a question whether the overwhelming success of the Islamists in the Arab spring countries will encourage other Arab nations to rise against their regimes or whether they would prefer to accept their status quo, and for how long can this Muslim majority continue?
Will the Islamists succeed in providing solutions to the deep rooted problems in their own countries, or would they also be overthrown by popular revolts once again? These are questions that are waiting for answers.